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On 24 February 2022, Ukraine was suddenly and deliberately attacked by land, naval and air forces of Russia, igniting the largest European war since the Great Patriotic War. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a "special military operation" (SVO - spetsialnaya voennaya operatsiya) in Ukraine in response to the appeal of the leaders of the "Donbass republics" for help. That attack is a blatant violation of the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine. Putin stressed that Moscow's goal is the demilitarization and denazification of the country. The military buildup in preceeding months makes it obvious that the unprovoked and dastardly Russian attack was deliberately planned long in advance. During the intervening time, the Russian government had deliberately sought to deceive the world by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
"To initiate a war of aggression... is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole." [Judgment of the International Military Tribunal]
The UK Ministry of Defence reported that in recent weeks, the Russian Ministry of Education has provided more detail on the rollout of the previously announced plan to include basic military training in Russia’s secondary school curriculum.
The module within the ‘Basics of Life Safety’ course will include training with AK series assault rifles and hand grenades, military drill and salutes, and the use of personal protective equipment. The lessons will become mandatory from 01 September 2023. In addition, in December 2022, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education announced a ‘military training basics’ programme for university students.
The initiatives highlight the increasingly militarised atmosphere in wartime Russia, as well as being a (likely deliberate) evocation of the Soviet Union: similar training was mandatory in schools up to 1993.
The General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine reported that during the day of January 29, Russian forces launched 24x MLRS attacks. These Russian attacks targeted settlements near the line of contact, among others, killing and wounding civilians.
The threat of air and missile strikes remains high across Ukraine.
Russia continues its offensive operations on Lyman, Bakhmut, Avdiivka, and Novopavlivka axes. On other axes, it is defending the previously occupied positions.
Volyn, Polissya, Sivershchyna, and Slobozhanshchyna axes: no significant changes. Adversary units continue their training at the training grounds of the Republic of Belarus. No Russian offensive groups were found.
At the same time, the adversary does not stop mortar and artillery shelling at the vicinities of settlements of Khrinivka, Krasnyi Khutir (Chernihiv oblast), Volfyne (Sumy oblast), Odnorobivka, Chervona Zorya, Veterynarne, Strilecha, Hlyboke, Zelene, Neskuchne, Ternova, Starytsya, Verkhnya Pysarivka, Ohirtseve, and Vovchans’k (Kharkiv oblast).
Kup’yans’k axis: Russian forces fired tanks, mortars, artillery and missile systems at the vicinities of settlements of Dvorichna, Vil’shana, Pishchane, Krokhmal’ne, Berestove, Zelenyi Hai, Vyshneve (Kharkiv oblast), Novoselivs’ke, and Stel’makhivka (Luhansk oblast).
Lyman axis: Russian forces shelled the vicinities of Makiivka, Nevs’ke, Kreminna, Dibrova (Luhansk oblast), Terny, and Yampolivka (Donetsk oblast).
Bakhmut axis: Spirne, Berestove, Bilohorivka, Rozdolivka, Bakhmut, Druzhba, and New York (Donetsk oblast) were shelled.
Avdiivka axis: the vicinities of settlements of Vodyane, Pervomais’ke, Krasnohorivka, Heorhiivka, Mar’inka, and Novomykhailivka came under Russian artillery fire.
Novopavlivka axis: the Russian occupants shelled Vuhledar, Neskuchne, and Velyka Novosilka (Donetsk oblast).
Zaporizhzhia axis: Russian forces fired artillery at the vicinities of 14x settlements. These include Vremivka, Novopil’ (Donetsk oblast), Poltavka, Chervone, Hulyaipole, Charivne, Novodanylivka, Novoandriivka (Zaporizhzhia oblast), and Nikopol’ (Dnipropetrovsk oblast).
Kherson axis: Russian forces fired artillery at the outskirts and the city of Kherson. There were civilian casualties.
According to the available information, the Russian occupants took all medical equipment from local hospitals in Kakhovka and Nova Kakhovka to Novotroits’ke (Kherson oblast). Contrary to their earlier promises, the Russian occupation authorities are closing medical facilities in these cities. The staff is faced with the choice of transfer or dismissal.
During the day of January 29, Ukrainian Air Force struck 1x Russian anti-aircraft missile system, and 2x concentrations of Russian troops, weapons and military equipment.
At the same time, Ukrainian missile and artillery troops 2x Russian radar stations and 1x ammunition depot.
Statements of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
During the daily briefing, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that units and accumulations of equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the National Guard of Ukraine in the Kupyansky and Limansky directions were hit during the day. The total losses of the enemy amounted to about 160 personnel, as well as a large number of equipment.
In the Donetsk direction, Russian units continued offensive operations, taking more advantageous lines and positions. The ammunition depot of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was destroyed, as well as a large number of equipment, including those made in the USA. The enemy lost up to 90 servicemen.
In the South-Donetsk and Zaporozhye directions, 2 depots of artillery ammunition of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were destroyed, the positions of Ukrainian troops were hit. In total, they lost up to 100 servicemen killed and wounded, a tank, 2 armored vehicles, 5 pickups and cars, 2 Akatsiya howitzers.
In the Kherson direction, 2 US-made counter-battery radars AN / TPQ-36 and AN / TPQ-48, an ammunition depot of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were destroyed.
Operational-tactical aviation, missile forces and artillery hit 103 artillery units, manpower and military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in 143 districts.
Air defense systems destroyed 4 Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicles in the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, intercepted 16 shells of multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) in the DPR and Kherson region, and also shot down a HARM anti-radar missile in the DPR.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine attacked the bridge across the Molochnaya River in the Melitopol region. According to Vladimir Rogov, a member of the main council of the administration of the Zaporozhye region, Ukrainian troops used the HIMARS MLRS. As a result of the shelling, 2 people were killed, 7 more were injured.
During the day, Ukrainian troops opened fire on Donetsk, as well as the village of Yakovlevka. During the attacks, artillery pieces of 155 mm caliber were used.
Units of PMC Wagner found decapitated bodies with amputated hands in Bakhmut, businessman Yevgeny Prigozhin said. According to him, electronic media were found with the bodies, information from which indicates that the bodies belong to foreign mercenaries. It is assumed that due to the dense fighting, the enemy was unable to pull out the dead "soldiers of fortune", so he tried to hide their identities.
Human rights ombudsman in the Russian Federation Tatyana Moskalkova said that the strike of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the hospital in Novoaydar, which killed 14 people on January 29, is a violation of the Geneva Convention. She said that she appealed to the International Committee of the Red Cross and the UN with a demand not to allow violations of human rights.
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