If the king or head of the country is not right and strong, then the country sinks. We are not talking about Afghanistan and Ukraine why they got destroyed. Examples like Nero and Ghananand can also be given in history. If the king is not right, then it is said that the dark city, the chaupat king take ser bhaji take ser khaja, such is the condition of the country. Let’s know how a king should be according to Chanakya.
1. King should be powerful: The king should be powerful, only then the nation progresses. There are 3 main sources of power of the king – mental, physical and spiritual. Mental strength inspires him to take the right decision, physical strength gives him superiority in battle and spiritual strength gives him energy, inspires him to work in the race. Weak and lustful kings are afraid of a strong king.
2. The king should be popular: The king who is liked by most of the people and appreciates his works, there was no rebellion in the country of that king and in the event of war, the cooperation of the public becomes important. Only a popular king is able to keep the country safe. Chanakya says that the king should never underestimate anyone. Everyone should be important to you. Anyone can be of use to you at any time.
3. There should be a king with wide contacts : With his scholarship, Chanakya had increased contact with the kings of all the neighboring states of Magadha and relations with the public in the state, due to which his fame had spread far and wide. Where the expansion of contacts and personal relationships makes you powerful and popular, they also come in handy when the time comes.
5. There should not be a king who gains power by conspiracy: The king who does manipulation, alliance politics or gains power through conspiracy drowns himself and also drowns the country. Only the king who achieves the state on the power of public power can keep the interest of the country safe. Chandragupta Maryo had full support of the public.
6. The king moving towards the goal: There are many people whose goals are set but they just keep thinking about moving towards it or taking steps. Chanakya says that until you do not take steps towards your goal, the goal will also remain asleep. It should be the duty of the king to take the first step towards the goal after gathering power.
7. Advisors of the king: If the ministers, priests or advisors in governance do not fulfill their duties properly and do not inform the king about right-wrong deeds, do not give proper suggestions, then only the priests, advisors and ministers are responsible for the wrong deeds of the king. Huh. It is the duty of these people to give right advice to the king and prevent him from doing wrong things. The king should also stay away from sycophants and sycophants and listen to those who give bitter advice.
8. Punisher should be : This is the tenth verse of the sixth chapter of Chanakya Niti. According to this verse, if the people of a state or country do any wrong thing, then the government or the king of that country has to bear the consequences. That’s why it is the responsibility of the king or the government not to allow the subjects or the public to do any wrong thing. In such a situation, there should be a provision of severe punishment for the subjects. Chanakya says that it is the responsibility of the king to protect his kingdom. A king can be able to protect his kingdom only if his punishment is innocent. The subjects can be protected only by the punishment policy.
If the people do not understand the national interest and do not know their history, then they drown their nation. People should not be a part of mobocracy. The subjects should support such a king who is working in the interest of the nation and the subjects should also contribute to the nation’s defense and development by obeying the rules and regulations of the nation.
9. Relations between the king and the subjects: Chanakya also says that the happiness of the king lies in the happiness of the subjects and his well-being lies in the well-being of the subjects. What is good for the king is not good, but what is good for the people is good. No matter how powerful and mighty the king is, there should be father and son, brother and brother, friend and friend and equality between the king and the public.
10. How should be the behavior of the king with the enemies:
The king should understand that fighting a strong man is like fighting an infantry with elephants. There can be no match between elephant and infantry. There is a possibility of crushing the infantry in it. Therefore, war should be fought only with equals. Against a strong enemy, the support of conspiracy and alliance should be taken.
It is better to wait for the right time of war. For this a strategy should be made in advance. Chanakya formed a team of his own and later prepared an army consisting of Bhils, tribals and forest dwellers and all worked as a team and uprooted the powerful empire of Ghananand and made Chandragupta the emperor of Magath. Any person definitely walks alone but he cannot reach the goal alone. Always keep in mind that your success is not just your success. Many people contribute in this, which should not be forgotten.
– Chanakya says that debt, enemy and disease should be finished in time. As long as the body is healthy and under your control, at that time measures must be taken for self-defense and self-realization, because one cannot do anything when surrounded by insecurity or after death.
There are 4 main weapons of diplomacy which should be used by the king keeping in mind the time and circumstances – Sama, Daam, Dand and Bheda. When there is a need to show friendship (saam), attractive gifts, hospitality, harmony and efforts should be made to enhance the relationship, thereby instilling trust in the other party. The use of force, planning to set fire to the enemy’s house, dividing his army and officers, luring his close relatives and some people in high positions to his side are all part of diplomacy.
– Foreign policy should be such that the interest of the nation is at the top, the country is powerful, its borders and resources increase, the enemy is weak and the welfare of the people is done. There are 6 main parts of such a policy – Sandhi (compromise), Samanvaya (friendship), Dvaidibhava (dual policy), Asana (pause), Yan (preparation for war) and Vigraha (diplomatic war). Fighting is the final situation in the battlefield, which should be decided only after weighing one’s strength and that of the enemy. Breaking treaties in the interest of the country is also a part of foreign policy.